The great state of Vermont became
the 14th state in the Union on March 4,
1791. Its capital is Montpelier. The name Vermont comes from
the French words for green mountain, "mont vert."
The Native Americans first lived in the area now known
as Vermont and called themselves, the Abenaki, a tribe of the Algonquin
nation. Archaeologists discovered evidence of Abenaki villages along
the shores of Lake Champlain near the mouth of the Winooski River.
"Winooski" is an Abenaki term for "wild onion". The Abenaki tribe was also
located along the Connecticut River.
Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer of North America,
was the first European to discover the Green Mountains. In 1609,
Champlain left his camp on the St. Lawrence River in Quebec and joined the
Algonquians in an expedition against their enemies, the Iroquois. The
journey up the river brought Champlain to a lake that now carries his
name, Lake Champlain, on July 4, 1609. The name "Vermont" is French,
les monts verts, for "the green mountains."
In 1724, the first permanent English settlement was
established along the Connecticut River at Fort Dummer, near what is now
Brattleboro. The fort was maintained by the colonial governments of
Vermont and New Hampshire as a defensive outpost throughout the French and
Indian Wars. When peace was made with the French in 1760, the Green
Mountains were quickly opened to settlement. Most of the new settlers were
from Connecticut or Vermont and persistently resisted the claims of
authority by New York. The resistance to the "Yorkers" brought the
organization of the Green Mountain boys under the leadership of Col. Ethan
Allen in 1775. This army played a significant role during the
American Revolution at the battles of Hubbardston and Bennington in 1777.
On January 17, 1777, Vermont was declared an independent
republic in a meeting held at Westminster. This little republic
began minting its own coin and providing postal service until 1791 when
Vermont was admitted to the union. Vermont was the first state
to join the original thirteen colonies as a state.
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Freedom and Unity"
Green Mountain State
"These Green Mountains"
State Cold Water Fish
State Warm Water Fish
Northern Leopard Frog
Complete the questions below.
1. Vermont became the 14th
state in the Union on March 4,
2. The state motto is "."
3. The state tree is the
4. The state song is "."
5. The state flower is the
6. The state warm water fish is the
7. Talc is the state .
8. Vermont comes from the
French words for green mountain, "."
9. The state insect is the .
10. The state nickname is the
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