The great state of South Carolina
became the 8th state in the Union on
May 23, 1788. Its state capital is Columbia. South Carolina
was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).
Spaniards explored the South Carolina coast
as early as 1514. Spanish fears of French rivalry were heightened
when Huguenots led by Jean Ribaut attempted to settle on what is now
Parris Island near Beaufort in 1562. Ribaut returned to France for
reinforcements and the soldiers who were left behind revolted. They
built a ship and sailed for France. The horrors of that voyage went beyond
eating shoes to cannibalism before an English ship rescued the remaining
The Spanish built Fort San Felipe on Parris
Island in 1566 and made the new settlement there, known as Santa Elena.
The fort was abandon while under attack from Native Americans in 1576.
The fort was rebuilt the next year. In 1587, South Carolina was left
to the Native Americans until the English established the first permanent
European settlement at Albemarle Point on the Ashley River in 1670.
King Charles II gave Carolina to eight
English noblemen, the Lords Proprietors. The proprietors' settlements came
to resemble the plantation economy of the West Indies. By 1708, a
majority of the non-native inhabitants were African slaves. Native
Americans, ravaged by diseases against which they had no resistance,
threatened the colony's existence in the Yemassee War of 1715. After the
colonists revolted against proprietary rule in 1719, the proprietors'
interests were bought out and South Carolina became a royal province.
By the 1750s, rice and indigo had made the
planters and merchants of the South Carolina the wealthiest men in what
would become the United States. By 1790, the spread of cotton
plantations soon made African American slaves the majority.
Charlestonians were strong supporters of
their rights as Englishmen in the Stamp Act crisis of 1765.
Charleston merchant Henry Laurens served as President of the Continental
Congress in 1777 and 1778. The first decisive victory of the war was the
repulse of a British fleet by patriot defenders in a palmetto log fort on
Sullivans Island on June 28, 1776. Over two hundred battles and
skirmishes occurred in the State, many of them vicious encounters between
South Carolinians who opted for independence and those who chose to remain
loyal to King George. Battles at Kings Mountain (1780) and Cowpens (1781)
were turning points in the war.
South Carolina became the eighth state to
ratify the United States Constitution in 1788, and in 1790 moved its seat
of government from Charleston to the new city of Columbia in the state's
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Dum Spiro Spero" - While I breathe, I
"Animis Opibusque Parati" - Ready In Soul and
State Wild Game Bird
"South Carolina On My Mind"
Complete the questions below.
1. South Carolina became
the 8th state in the Union on May 23,
2. The capital of South Carolina is .
3. The state dog is the
4. The Amethyst is the state .
5. The state insect is the
6. "Animis Opibusque Parati" means
7. South Carolina was named after King .
8. Blue Granite is the state
9. The state wildflower is the
10. The state nickname is the
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