The great state of Pennsylvania
became the 2nd state in the Union on
December 12, 1787. Its capital is Harrisburg. This state was
named to honor William Penn and his son.
Algonquian and Iroquoian Native Americans lived in the
Pennsylvania region when Dutch explorers first visited in 1609. The
Pennsylvania territory was disputed in the early 1600s among the Dutch,
the Swedes, and the English. In 1638, the colony of New Sweden was
founded along the Delaware River. England acquired the region in
1664 with the capture of New York and in 1681 Pennsylvania was granted to
William Penn, a Quaker, by King Charles II.
In 1731, Benjamin Franklin opened the first library in the colonies.
By 1754, the French and Indian War had begun in Pennsylvania. The
First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia
The Declaration of Independence was adopted in the Pennsylvania State
House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia
in 1776 and t
Constitutional Convention was held in Philadelphia in 1787.
On December 12, 1787, Pennsylvania became the second state to ratify the
Constitution of the United States, her neighbor, Delaware, being the first
by only five days.
The city of Philadelphia was the seat of
the federal government almost continuously from 1776 to 1800. Valley
Forge, of Revolutionary War fame, and Gettysburg, site of the pivotal
battle of the Civil War, are both in Pennsylvania. The Liberty Bell
is located in a glass pavilion across from Independence Hall in
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Virtue, Liberty, and Independence"
State Game Bird
Complete the questions below.
1. Pennsylvania became the
2nd state in the Union on December 12,
2. The state insect is the .
3. The state capital is
4. The state song is "."
5. The state flower is the
6. The Declaration of Independence was adopted in
the city of .
7. The Great Dane is the state
8. Penngift Crownvetch is
the state .
9. The state fossil is the .
10. The state nickname is the
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