The great state of Oregon became the 33rd
state in the Union on February 14, 1859. Its capital is Salem.
Historians say Oregon was named after one of two rivers. The
Columbia River, which forms a coastline along the northern border, was at
one time called the Oregon or Ouragan, which is French for
hurricane. Others believe the name may have been derived from a mapmaker's error in
the 1700s. The Wisconsin River was named the Ouisconsink and was picked up
by travelers referring to the country west of the Great Lakes as
The native Americans were followed many centuries later by
Spanish and English sailors that sighted the Oregon coast in the 1500s
and 1600s. It was an American, however, Captain John Gray, who in 1792
discovered the great river and named it for his ship, The Columbia.
Captain Gray was one of the first white men to enter Oregon.
This discovery prompted Thomas Jefferson to send Lewis and Clark overland to gain more knowledge of the region and
to find out if there was a northwest passage. In 1805, the Lewis and Clark
expedition explored the area. They found that the passage did not exist,
but laid claim to the territory. Their expedition gave the United States a strong stake in the land.
It wasn't until the 1840s that many people
began settle Oregon. Pioneers from the east and merchants traveling
by ship from New England increased the Oregon population, leading to the
creation of the Oregon Territory in 1848. Disputes
for control of Oregon between American settlers and the Hudson Bay Company
were finally resolved in the 1846 Oregon Treaty in which Great Britain
gave up claims to the region. Oregon became a state in 1859.
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"She Flies With Her Own Wings"
"Oregon, My Oregon"
Complete the questions below.
1. Oregon became the 33rd
state in the Union on February 14,
2. The state rock is
3. The state motto is "."
4. The capital of Oregon is .
5. In 1805, the
expedition explored the
area now known as Oregon.
6. The state flower is the
7. The Oregon
has two different sides.
8. The state nut is the .
9. The state tree is the
10. The state nickname is the
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