The great state of Oklahoma
became the 46th state to join the Union
on November 16, 1907. The name Oklahoma came from the Choctaw Indian
words "okla" meaning people and "humma" meaning red.
In 1541, Spanish
explorer Coronado ventured through the area on his quest for the
"Lost City of Gold." The land became known as Oklahoma as part of the
1803 Louisiana Purchase.
In the 1820s, Five Civilized Tribes from the
southeastern United States were relocated to the Indian Territory over
numerous routes, the most famous being the
Cherokee "Trail of Tears."
Forced off their ancestral lands by state and federal governments, the
tribes suffered great hardships during the rigorous trips west.
After the Civil War, Oklahoma became a part of the
booming cattle industry, bringing in the era of the cowboy. Western
expansion reached the territory in the late 1800s. Treaties enacted
after the Civil War by the U.S. government forced the tribes to give up
their lands and accept individual property allotments. There was talk of
using the Indian Territory as a settlement area for African Americans
emancipated from slavery. However, the government relented to pressure,
much of it coming from a group known as
"Boomers," who wanted the rich lands opened to non-Indian
settlement. The U.S. government decided to open the territory to settlers
by holding a total of six land runs between 1889 and 1895. People came
from across the nation and even other countries like Poland, Germany,
Ireland, and Slavic nations to stake their claims. African Americans,
some former slaves of Indians, took part in the runs or accepted their
allotments as tribal members. In the years that followed, black pioneers
founded and settled areas in or near Arcadia, Boley, Langston, and Taft.
On November, 16, 1907, Oklahoma became
the 46th state.
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Labor omnia vincit" - Labor Conquers
State Game Animal
State Game Bird
Mountain Boomer or Collared Lizard
Complete the questions below.
1. Oklahoma became the 46th
state to join the Union on November 16,
2. The Scissor-tailed Flycatcher is the state
3. "Labor omnia vincit"
4. The state wildflower is the
5. The Cherokee Tribe relocation from the
southeastern United States to the Indian Territory is known as the "."
6. "Oklahoma" is the state
7. The state wild game bird is the
8. The state tree is the .
9. The Black Swallowtail is the state .
10. The state nickname is the
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