4-34 The State of North Dakota

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The great state of North Dakota became the 39th state in the Union on November 2, 1889.  Its capital is Bismarck.  Dakota was named after what the Sioux Indians called themselves.

In the 1600's, the Cheyenne, living in earth lodges, occupied the Cheyenne River valley.  The Hidatsa moved west from Devils Lake to the Missouri.  The Sioux moved onto the plains from the woodlands of Minnesota.  In 1610, Henry Hudson claimed the Hudson Bay watershed, which included much of eastern North Dakota for England.  LaSalle claimed the entire Mississippi River area which included the Missouri River area in North Dakota, for France in 1862.  In 1713, England received part of the northern part of North Dakota from France.  In 1762, Spain received  land claimed by LaSalle from France.  The Treaty of Paris in 1763 granted  England part of the state drained by the Mouse and the Red Rivers.  In 1792, Jacques D'Englise (Santiago Leglise) opened trade between Mandan villages and Spanish interests from St. Louis.  On November 20, 1803, Spain returned the Missouri River watershed to France.  The Louisiana Purchase transferred the area of North Dakota drained by the Missouri River from France to the United States on December 30, 1803.

From 1804 to 1806, an expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark entered North Dakota and wintered near the present town of Washburn on its way to the Pacific Coast.  In 1818, all of North Dakota became part of the Missouri Territory.

The Dakota Territory was officially organized by the Federal government and William Jayne was appointed the first governor by President Abraham Lincoln in 1861.

Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable"  
Nickname Roughrider State  
State Seal 1889
State Bird Western Meadowlark 1947
State Flower Wild Prairie Rose 1907
State Song "North Dakota Hymn" 1947
State Tree American Elm 1947
State Flag 1911
State Fish Northern Pike 1969
State Honorary Equine Nokota Breed (Horse) 1993
State Fossil Teredo Petrified Wood 1967
State Grass Western Wheatgrass 1977

Complete the questions below.

1.  North Dakota became the 39th state in the Union on November 2, .

2.  The state flower is the .

3.  The state fish is the .

4.  Dakota was named after the Indians.

5.  The state tree is the .

6.  The Roughrider State is the state .

7.  The state capital is .

8.  "Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable" is the state  .

9.  The Nokota Breed is a .

10.  The state song is the "."



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