The great state of North Carolina
became the 12th state in the Union on
November 21, 1789. Its state capital is Raleigh. North
Carolina was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).
Giovanni de Varrazano was the first European to visit North Carolina.
Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto explored the southwestern part of the
state in search of gold in
The New World's first English colony was established by
Sir Walter Raleigh on North Carolina's Roanoke Island in 1584. But
in 1586, the colonists were forced to return to England due to hardships.
On July 2, 1587, John White established a second English colony
at Roanoke. On August 18, 1587, Virginia Dare was born, becoming the
first English child christened on American soil. On August 22, 1587,
White returned to England for more supplies. When White returned to
Roanoke Island in 1590, he found that all the settlers had disappeared.
The word "CROATOAN" was found carved into a tree. The fate of "The Lost
Colony" remains one of the state's most enduring mysteries.
Nathaniel Batts was the first European man to
permanently settle in North Carolina in 1655. Bath, the first
town in North Carolina, was built in 1705. During 1711-1713, the
Native Americans fought the European settlers for land rights. This
war was known as the Tuscarora War.
Blackbeard the pirate was killed off the coast of North
Carolina in 1718. Tryon Palace was built in New Bern and it became
the colonial capital building. In
1774, the women of Edenton, led by Penelope Barker, took on the
British by putting down their tea cups in what became known as the Edenton
On February 27, 1776, the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge
became the first battle of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in
North Carolina. On April 12th, North Carolina became the first
state to vote in favor of independence.
On November 21, 1789, North Carolina became the 12th
state of the United States of America. And on December 11th, the
University of North Carolina is chartered, becoming the first public
school in the United States. The capital of North Carolina, which
had previously been located in New Bern, was moved to Raleigh in 1794.
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Esse Quam Videri" (To Be Rather Than
Tar Heel State
"The Old North State"
State Saltwater Fish
Eastern Box Turtle
Complete the questions below.
1. North Carolina became
the 12th state in the Union on November
2. The state song is "."
3. The word "CROATOAN" was found carved into a
4. The state bird is the .
5. Carolina Lilly is the state
6. The New World's first English colony was
established by .
7. "Esse Quam Videri," the
state motto, means ().
8. The state gem is the .
9. The nickname is the
10. The state reptile is the
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