4-33 The State of North Carolina

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The great state of North Carolina became the 12th state in the Union on November 21, 1789.  Its state capital is Raleigh.  North Carolina was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).

In 1524, Giovanni de Varrazano was the first European to visit North Carolina.  Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto explored the southwestern part of the state in search of gold in 1540.

The New World's first English colony was established by Sir Walter Raleigh on North Carolina's Roanoke Island in 1584.  But in 1586, the colonists were forced to return to England due to hardships.  On July 2, 1587, John White established a second English colony at Roanoke.  On August 18, 1587, Virginia Dare was born, becoming the first English child christened on American soil.  On August 22, 1587, White returned to England for more supplies.  When White returned to Roanoke Island in 1590, he found that all the settlers had disappeared. The word "CROATOAN" was found carved into a tree. The fate of "The Lost Colony" remains one of the state's most enduring mysteries.

Nathaniel Batts was the first European man to permanently settle in North Carolina in 1655.  Bath,  the first town in North Carolina, was built in 1705.  During 1711-1713, the Native Americans fought the European settlers for land rights.  This war was known as the Tuscarora War.

Blackbeard the pirate was killed off the coast of North Carolina in 1718.  Tryon Palace was built in New Bern and it became the colonial capital building.  In 1774, the women of Edenton, led by Penelope Barker, took on the British by putting down their tea cups in what became known as the Edenton Tea Party.

On February 27, 1776, the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge became the first battle of the American Revolutionary War to be fought in North Carolina.  On April 12th,  North Carolina became the first state to vote in favor of independence.

On November 21, 1789, North Carolina became the 12th state of the United States of America. And on December 11th, the University of North Carolina is chartered, becoming the first public school in the United States.  The capital of North Carolina, which had previously been located in New Bern, was moved to Raleigh in 1794.


Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Esse Quam Videri" (To Be Rather Than to Seem)  
Nickname Tar Heel State  
State Seal 1893
State Bird Cardinal 1943
State Flower Dogwood 1941
State Wildflower Carolina Lilly 2003
State Song "The Old North State" 1927
State Tree Pine 1963
State Flag 1885
State Insect Honeybee 1973
State Saltwater Fish Channel Bass 1971
State Mammal Grey Squirrel 1969
State Rock Granite 1979
State Gem Emerald 1973
State Reptile Eastern Box Turtle 1979
State Dog Plott Hound 1989

Complete the questions below.

1.  North Carolina became the 12th state in the Union on November 21, .

2.  The state song is "."

3.  The word "CROATOAN" was found carved into a .

4.  The state bird is the .

5.  Carolina Lilly is the state .

6.  The New World's first English colony was established by .

7.  "Esse Quam Videri," the state motto, means ().

8.  The state gem is the .

9.  The nickname is the .

10.  The state reptile is the .



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