The great state of New Mexico
became the 47th state in the Union on
January 6, 1912. Its capital is Santa Fe. It was named by the
Spanish, in reference to Mexico.
A Spanish explorer called Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
was searching for gold and he traveled the region that became New Mexico
in 1540–1542. The first Spanish settlement was established on the
Rio Grande River by Juan de Onate in 1598. In 1610 Santa Fe was
founded and it was made the capital of New Mexico.
The United States acquired most of New Mexico in 1848
after the Mexican American War and the remainder of the area through the
Gadsden Purchase in1853. The Union troops captured the territory
from the Confederate army during the Civil War. In 1886, with the
surrender of Geronimo, a great Indian leader, the Apache Wars and most of
the Indian conflicts in the area were ended.
In 1906, the people of New Mexico and Arizona voted on
the issue of joint statehood. New Mexico voted in favor and Arizona
voted against it. The people of New Mexico drafted a constitution
ands was admitted as the 47th state in 1912.
Name of Emblem/Symbol
"Crescit eundo" (It grows as it goes)
Land of Enchantment
"O, Fair New Mexico"
Tarantula Hawk Wasp
New Mexico Cutthroat Trout
New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
New Mexico Spade Toad
Blue Grama Grass
Complete the questions below.
1. New Mexico became the 47th
state in the Union on January 6,
2. The state bird is the .
3. The state capital,
, was founded in 1610.
4. The New Mexico Whiptail Lizard is the state .
5. "Crescit eundo," the state motto, means ().
6. The state insect is the
7. The state song is "."
8. The Turquoise is the state
9. The state nickname is
10. The state animal is the
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