4-31 The State of New Mexico

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The great state of New Mexico became the 47th state in the Union on January 6, 1912.  Its capital is Santa Fe.  It was named by the Spanish, in reference to Mexico. 

A Spanish explorer called Francisco Vásquez de Coronado was searching for gold and he traveled the region that became New Mexico in 1540–1542.  The first Spanish settlement was established on the Rio Grande River by Juan de Onate in 1598.  In 1610 Santa Fe was founded and it was made the capital of New Mexico.

The United States acquired most of New Mexico in 1848 after the Mexican American War and the remainder of the area through the Gadsden Purchase in1853.  The Union troops captured the territory from the Confederate army during the Civil War.  In 1886, with the surrender of Geronimo, a great Indian leader, the Apache Wars and most of the Indian conflicts in the area were ended. 

In 1906, the people of New Mexico and Arizona voted on the issue of joint statehood.  New Mexico voted in favor and Arizona voted against it.  The people of New Mexico drafted a constitution ands was admitted as the 47th state in 1912.

Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Crescit eundo" (It grows as it goes)  
Nickname Land of Enchantment  
State Seal 1913
State Bird Chaparral 1949
State Flower Yucca 1927
State Song "O, Fair New Mexico" 1917
State Tree Nut Pine 1948
State Flag 1925
State Insect Tarantula Hawk Wasp 1989
State Ship New Mexico Cutthroat Trout 1955
State Animal Black Bear 1963
State Gem Turquoise 1967
State Reptile New Mexico Whiptail Lizard 2003
State Amphibian New Mexico Spade Toad 2003
State Grass Blue Grama Grass 1973

Complete the questions below.

1.  New Mexico became the 47th state in the Union on January 6, .

2.  The state bird is the .

3.  The state capital, , was founded in 1610.

4.  The New Mexico Whiptail Lizard is the state .

5.  "Crescit eundo," the state motto, means ().

6.  The state insect is the .

7.  The state song is "."

8.  The Turquoise is the state .

9.  The state nickname is .

10.  The state animal is the .



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