Numbers

4-30 The State of New Jersey

Return to Home Page

Lesson List


The great state of New Jersey became the 3rd state in the Union on December 18, 1787.  Its state capital is Trenton.

The first European to explore New Jersey was Giovanni de Verrazano, from Florence, Italy.  He sailed along the Jersey coast and anchored off Sandy Hook in 1524.  In 1609, Henry Hudson arrived and New Netherlands, a Dutch colony, was established in 1624 in what was then called 'the northeast territory.  In 1664, the land was taken over by the British.  King Charles II gave the area to his brother James, Duke of York.  New Jersey was named by James, Duke of York.  James later gave New Jersey to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.  James named the colony New Jersey to honor Carteret, who had been the Governor of Jersey, a British island in the English Channel.

More than 100 battles took place on New Jersey soil during the Revolutionary War.  In 1776, Washington crossed the Delaware and defeated the Hessian garrison at Trenton.  A few days after the new year, he defeated a British force at Princeton.  Washington's army spent the winter of that year and the 1779-80 winter in Morristown.  New Jersey was the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787 and the first to ratify the Bill of Rights in 1789.

Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Liberty and Prosperity"  
Nickname Garden State  
State Seal 1777
State Bird Eastern Goldfinch 1935
State Flower Common Meadow Violet 1972
State Flag 1896
State Tree Red Oak 1950
State Fish Brook Trout 1991
State Insect Honeybee 1974
State Tall Ship A. J. Meerwald 1998
State Animal Horse 1977
State Shell Knobbed Whelk 1995
State Fruit Highbush Blueberry 2003

Complete the questions below.

1.  New Jersey became the 3rd state in the Union on December 18, .

2.  The state motto is "."

3.  The state insect is the .

4.  The state animal is the .

5.  Washington crossed the Delaware and defeated the Hessian garrison at , the state capital.

6.  The state nickname is the .

7.  The state tree is the .

8.  Knobbed Whelk is the state .

9.  A. J. Meerwald is the state .

10.  was the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

 

 

Elementary & Middle School Lessons & Self-Correcting Tests for Children in all Subject Areas.
If you have found an error or would like to make comments on this lesson, please email us at:
MySchoolhouse.online@gmail.com

Copyright 1999-2022 by Educational Designers, LLC.  All rights reserved.
Lessons & Tests in Math, Reading, Spelling, Science, Language, and Social Studies.

"This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services and analyze traffic. Your IP address and user-agent are shared with Google along with performance and security metrics to ensure quality of service, generate usage statistics, and to detect and address abuse."
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WORK SPACE