4-25 The State of Missouri

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The great state of Missouri became the 24th state in the Union on August 10, 1821.  The capital is Jefferson City.  Missouri was named for an Algonquian Indian word that means "river of the big canoes."

In 1682, explorer Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle, took possession of the Louisiana Territory area for France.  Spain gained control of the Louisiana Territory in the Treaty of Fontainebleau in 1762 and later returned the territory to France in 1800.  The Louisiana Purchase gave the territory to the United States in 1803.  In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition set out from St. Louis.  In 1805, the Territory of Louisiana was established and its seat of government was St. Louis.  In 1812, a portion of the Territory of Louisiana became the Territory of Missouri.  In 1820, the "Missouri Compromise" allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state, thus keeping the balance of slave and free states equal in Congress.

Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Salus populi suprema lex esto " - The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law  
Nickname The Show Me State  
State Seal 1822
State Bird Bluebird 1927
State Floral Emblem Hawthorn Blossom 1923
State Song "Missouri Waltz" 1949
State Tree Flowering Dogwood 1955
State Flag 1913
State Insect Honeybee 1985
State Fish Channel Catfish 1997
State Animal Missouri Mule 1995
State Aquatic Animal Paddle Fish or Spoonbill 1997
State Mineral Galena 1967
State Amphibian North American Bullfrog 2005

Complete the questions below.

1.  Missouri became the 24th state in the Union on August 10, .

2.  The state bird is the .

3.  "Salus populi suprema lex esto " is the state .

4.  In 1820, Missouri became a state through the "."

5.  The state insect is the .

6.  The Lewis and Clark Expedition set out from .

7.  The state song is the "."

8.  The Missouri Mule is the state .

9.  The state mineral is .

10.  The state nickname is the .



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