4-22 The State of Michigan

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The great state of Michigan became the 26th state on January 26, 1837.  Michigan is from an Algonquian Chippewa Indian word "Meicigama," meaning great or large lake.  There are 11,037 inland lakes in Michigan and 3,288 miles of Great Lakes shoreline.  In 1668, Fathers Jacques Marquette and Claude Dablon established the first mission at Sault Ste. Marie.  The French established Fort Michilimackinac at the Straits of Mackinac in 1715.  In 1763, Indian wars broke out in the area and Pontiac lead a 135-day siege of Detroit. The Indians captured all the forts in Michigan, except Detroit.  The British evacuated Detroit in 1796 and abandoned their posts on the Great Lakes.  Detroit and Fort Mackinac were surrendered to the British during the War of 1812.  In 1819, the Treaty of Saginaw ceded nearly 6 million acres of Indian lands to Michigan settlers and Michigan sent a delegate to Congress.  The Legislature passed a law in 1847 to locate the state capital in Lansing.  In 1908, Ford began manufacturing the Model T.  The five-mile Mackinac Bridge opened on Nov. 1, 1957.

Emblem/Symbol Name of Emblem/Symbol Adopted
Motto "Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circum spice" (If you are seeking a pleasant peninsula, look around you)  
Nickname "Wolverine State"  
State Seal  
State Bird Robin 1931
State Flower Apple Blossom 1897
State Song "My Michigan" 1937
State Tree White Pine 1955
State Flag 1911
State Wildflower Dwarf Lake Iris 1998
State Fish Brook Trout 1988
State Mammal White-Tailed Deer 1997
State Gemstone Isle Royal Greenstone 1973
State Reptile Painted Turtle 1995

Complete the questions below.

1.  Michigan became the 26th state on January 26, .

2.  The state nickname is the "."

3.  The state tree is the .

4.  The Treaty of Saginaw ceded nearly six acres of Indian lands to Michigan settlers.

5.  "My Michigan" is the state .

6.  "Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circum spice" means

7.  The Dwarf Lake Iris is the state .

8.  Ford began manufacturing the Model T. in .

9.  The state flower is the .

10.  The state fish is the .



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