During the late 1700s, America was
changing. Many newcomers to America were moving west to settle
new frontier lands. These were lands that most people had not seen,
been to, or settled yet. The people who eventually settled these
frontier lands in America were called the pioneers.
Some pioneers settled in the Appalachian
Mountains area. Later, pioneers were tempted by cheap and,
sometimes, free land in the west. Land was being given away to
anyone who would stay and farm it.
Most pioneers traveled in a covered wagon
in search of their land. Everything they owned and needed for the
long journey was carried in the wagon. Traveling in a wagon was
difficult. Pioneers often had to travel great distances and many
months to claim the land for their new lives.
Many pioneers headed west used the
Oregon Trail for their journey. This was the longest trail in
North America. It was made up of smaller trails that were connected.
The Oregon Trail had been used by the first explorers and fur traders
before the pioneers came along.
Many pioneers settled near the Mississippi
River and started farming communities. Other pioneers kept moving
further west past the Mississippi River and settling in the Great Plains
area. Still other pioneers moved all the way west to settle in
California where they thought they could find gold.
Pioneers that moved west and made
settlements from the Atlantic coast all the way to the Pacific coast is
known as the Westward Expansion of the United States.
Use the above information to complete the
1. People who settled new frontier
lands in America were called
2. Pioneers were tempted by cheap or
in the west.
3. Most pioneers traveled in a
4. Traveling in a wagon was
5. Many pioneers traveled using the
6. Pioneers settled near the
7. Other pioneers settled in the
8. Some pioneers went to
9. Pioneers who went west and settled
land from coast to coast is known as the
Expansion of the United States.
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