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2-16 Natural Sites in the U.S.

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Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon is made of red rock and rushing waters.  The  Colorado River flows through the canyon.  You can see the Grand Canyon by land, air or river.  The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide at some places, and 5,000 feet deep.

 

Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore is a sculpture of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln carved in the side of a mountain in South Dakota.

Gutzon Borglum and 400 workers created the sculpture.  It took 14 years to build Mount Rushmore.  Work began on October 4, 1927 and ended on October 31, 1941.  Each president's nose is 20 feet long, their mouths are 18 feet wide, and their eyes are 11 feet across.

 

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park is America's first national park. It was established in 1872.  Yellowstone National Park is located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.  It is home to a large variety of wildlife including grizzly bears, wolves, bison, and elk.  Old Faithful, a geyser, is found at Yellowstone National Park.  Yellowstone has many geysers and hot springs.

 

Yosemite National Park

Yosemite has waterfalls, granite domes and peaks, great sequoia trees and valleys.  Visitors can go skiing, hiking, biking, camping, horseback riding, rock climbing and swimming in Yosemite.  Yosemite is located in the State of California.

 

 

Niagara Falls

Niagara Falls is created when the Niagara River drops about 176 feet.  The flow of water averages about 150,000 gallons per second.  The Niagara River separates the United States from Canada at Buffalo, New York.  Visitors can see the falls from shore and in boats below the falls.

 

Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains are more than 3,000 miles long.  The mountains start in New Mexico and head north to Alaska.  Mount Elbert in Colorado is the highest peak at 14,431 feet.  The Rockies are located between the Great Plains and the Pacific Ocean.  The mountains form a continental divide, separating rivers that flow to the Atlantic Ocean and rivers that flow to the Pacific Ocean.

 

Giant Redwoods

The giant redwood trees can grow to over 350 feet high. It is the tallest tree in the world.  The tree can have a diameter of 22 feet.  A single branch can be 5 feet wide.  The tree lives for 2,000 years.  It can weigh over 1.6 million pounds when fully grown.

 

1.  Mount Rushmore is located in the state of

Montana.

North Dakota.

South Dakota.

Wyoming.

 

2.  The giant Redwood tree can grow to be

over 550 feet tall.

over 400 feet tall.

over 350 feet tall.

None of the above.

 

3.  The Rocky Mountains are more than

2,000 miles long.

3,000 miles long.

4,000 miles long.

5,000 miles long.

 

4.  The Colorado River flows through

Mount Rushmore.

Niagara Falls.

the Grand Canyon.

the Everglades.

 

5.  Old Faithful is found in

Yellowstone National Park.

the Grand Canyon.

Yosemite National Park.

None of the above.

 

6.  Waterfalls, granite domes and peaks, great sequoia trees and valleys are found in

the Grand Canyon.

Mount Rushmore.

Yellowstone National Park

Yosemite National Park.

 

7.  These trees can live to be over 2,000 years old.

Oak trees

Maple trees

Redwood trees

Spruce trees

 

8.  Over 150,000 gallons of water per second can flow over

the Grand Canyon.

Niagara Falls.

the Rocky Mountains.

All of the above.

 

9.  What Presidents are on Mount Rushmore?

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Franklin Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln.

George Washington, Bill Clinton, Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln.

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln.

None of the above.

 

10.  The Rocky Mountains range is found only in the United States.

True

False

 

 

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