4-12 Wright Brothers

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The Wright Brothers

  Wilbur and Orville Wright loved to invent things.  As young boys they made toys and kites that they sold to friends.  They attended school regularly, but learned about science and mechanics from reading and working with tools.  In 1892 they decided to go into business together.  They opened a shop in Dayton, Ohio, where they rented, sold, and built bicycles.

  At about this time a man named Otto Lilienthal was working on trying to find a way for human beings to fly.  Liliental was killed in a glider accident in 1896.  The Wright Brothers decided to continue with his experiments of trying to find a way to fly.

  Wilbur and Orville Wright began to test double-winged gliders in 1900.  They designed, built and tested over two hundred models to determine the best wing design.  Finally they designed one on which the pilot would lie down flat on his stomach.  They tested their design one thousand times over three years on the sand dunes near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. During this time they were becoming very good pilots.

  On December 17, 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright wheeled the new invention onto a beach at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.  Powered by a small engine, the airplane coasted across the sand, lifted off, and flew a total of one hundred and twenty feet into the air before landing.

  Orville and Wilbur Wright are remembered as the "fathers of flight."  The beach at Kitty Hawk is a national historical monument.


Answer the questions below.


Orville and Wilbur Wright flew their first airplane 

one hundred and twenty feet.

one hundred and twenty yards.

two hundred and twenty feet.


The Wright Brothers opened a shop in 1892.  


Otto Liliental was killed in a accident in 1896.


Kitty Hawk is in the state of


The Wright Brothers built and tested over hundred models of double-winged gliders. 


The double-winged glider carried the pilot lying flat on his .  

What did the Wright Brothers begin to test in 1900?


double-winged gliders

The Wright Brothers began to invent things

when they were young men.

in school.

when they were young boys.



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