An African elephant is the largest land
animal on Earth. A male elephant, called a bull, is 12 feet
tall. It weighs about 14,000 pounds.
The trunk of an elephant has over 50,000
muscles at the end. The muscles are like fingers. An
elephant can lift up to 600 pounds with its trunk. The trunk
is also used to suck up water.
The skin of an elephant is an inch thick
in some places and very thin in others.
Elephant tusks are made of ivory.
They can grow over 10 feet long. An elephant also grows six
sets of back teeth. These teeth wear out from chewing on
An elephant hears very well. It
uses its large ears to fan itself to keep cool.
A baby African elephant is about 3 feet
tall and weighs about 200 pounds when it is